Stress, depression, and mental illness often require medication treatment. Using such medication as benzodiazepine is often a way to combat these problems. This medication is not limited to treating such disorders and has a wider range of medical uses.
However, intake of this drug has a flip side of the coin and some patients may experience negative consequences. For example, addiction. Below you will find out the most essential things about this active substance every patient who plans to use this drug needs to understand.
Benzodiazepines or Benzos are psychoactive substances that have an inhibitory effect on the central nervous system. Simply put, this substance has anti-anxiety, relaxing, sedative, and even HIV treatment-promising capabilities.
The pharmacological market offers drugs with different dosages of this component. However, regardless of the name of the drug and the manufacturer, it has similar effects, both positive and negative.
Depending on the problem and the condition of the body, the physician prescribes an intake regimen. Usually, experts try to prescribe the most effective but safe dosage to avoid side effects and the development of addiction.
With prolonged use, this component damages brain activity in a similar way to alcohol. However, in addition to the destructive effect on the brain, other organs can also suffer. For this reason, these drugs can only be purchased with a prescription.
Most often, Benzos are used to get rid of insomnia or to get calmness. This component can help get rid of obsessive thoughts, and so on.
Benzos boost the specific receptors in the brain, which leads to the release of dopamine, as is often called the "pleasure hormone". This effect can last about 2-8 hours, depending on the dosage. Such a “pleasure” effect of the drug can be characterized by the following conditions:
All of the above symptoms make Benzos attractive to people with addiction. Therefore, patients often tend to drug abuse after the end of treatment. For this reason, drugs in this group cannot be freely purchased without a doctor's prescription.
There is a need to understand that even if the patient has never experienced dependence on other substances before, with prolonged use, addiction may develop and it is not due to mental weakness.
This drug has a wide spectrum use case since it is used not only to combat mental health problems. So, this class of drugs is most often used to achieve the following health goals:
This drug may be prescribed by health care specialists to suppress anxiety and emotions before surgery. It is worth noting that in such cases, the patient receives the effect of one-time suppressing the central nervous system and suppressing emotions. Low dosage and short-term use of the drug in such cases do not cause dependence or side effects.
Even short-term use of the drug can lead to side effects. The most common effects with short-term use may include:
The use of the drug for a long time has more negative effects on the body. Long-term use of this medication is very rarely prescribed by a physician since usually, drugs of this type are addictive. Long-term use of the drug can cause the following effects:
When these symptoms occur, it is necessary not only to stop the intake of the drug. You also need to seek help from specialists since withdrawal symptoms may occur. Such symptoms will force the patient to use the medication again.
Usually, this substance comes in the form of pills. The patient’s doctor prescribes a certain dosage that will be most effective with the specific problem. But there is also a drug for intravenous use.
In some cases, the medication is used intravenously. This is because some patients cannot use drugs in pill form. The use of the drug intravenously is short-term and is often used for epileptic seizures or other emergency cases.
Overdose symptoms are similar to those effects that occur with prolonged use of the medication. If the dosage is increased unnecessarily, an overdose may occur. The following symptoms may indicate an overdose:
Any of the side effects requires attention and immediate medical help. Such symptoms are an indicator that the body is harmed and the patient is at risk not only from deteriorating health but also from the development of addiction.
Regardless of what symptom of an overdose the patient encounters, it is necessary to immediately seek medical help. Even a symptom such as dizziness is a wake-up call.
With the correct intake of the drug and a normal reaction to the medication, there should be no such side and dangerous effects. Therefore, it is necessary to urgently contact your doctor for help or call an ambulance if more dangerous side effects occur.
Benzos are intended for the temporary treatment of problems that are related not only to mental health but to physical health. With prolonged use of such drugs, the positive effect decreases.
For this reason, some patients may start to increase the dosage of the drug to obtain the desired effect. This dosage increase can lead to the development of addiction.
Moreover, the patient can get the opposite effect. For example, these drugs can help manage insomnia in one to two weeks. Continuing to take the drug after the recommended period may cause the person to wake up more often at night. This is similar to what happens with the long-term use of sleeping pills .
The same is true for treating anxiety. The patient may begin to worry after canceling the intake and face anxiety again.
The fight against addiction must be medically supervised. Dealing with addiction on your own can be unsuccessful. Moreover, long-term use of such medications can hurt many organs, and therefore medical intervention is necessary.
To successfully cope with addiction, you need to consult a physician. The specialist will develop a safe dosage reduction scheme that will allow you to safely stop the intake of the drug.
The doctor will monitor the patient's condition and the body's response to the dosage reduction. In some cases, there is a need for detox procedures.
If the patient has another addiction, for example, an alcoholic, then there is a need to treat two addictions at the same time. The best place to get such help is specialized rehabilitation centers.
It is also essential to understand that rehabilitation requires not only time but also constant monitoring of health conditions. Therefore, this process requires professional help and complex therapy to establish not only physical health but also mental well-being.
The use of drugs of this type always requires strict adherence to the doctor's recommendations and caution. The US government does not track the number of deaths from specific drugs. However, there are statistics according to which 70,000 deaths were registered as a result of a drug overdose.
This drug has dangerous side effects due to incorrect intake. Therefore, each patient undergoing therapy must remember that:
Benzos are quite powerful for short-term symptom management. They neither treat the problem nor can be considered wellness supplements. Use these medicines only when prescribed by your doctor and be sure to carefully monitor your health condition.
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