With railroads, truck depots, and a busy port, Indiana's diverse transport networks is a crucial contributor to its drug problem. Drug use in the Hoosiers state varies from one region to the next. For example, heroin abuse is more prevalent in large cities than in suburban areas
With railroads, truck depots, and a busy port, Indiana's diverse transport networks is a crucial contributor to its drug problem. Drug use in the Hoosiers state varies from one region to the next. For example, heroin abuse is more prevalent in large cities than in suburban areas. Most drugs are shipped in through the Port of Indiana and distributed all over the midwestern region, making the state a significant drug hub and one of the highest-rated states in the US with drug addiction cases.
Besides the Port of Indiana, other ways in which illegal substances find their way in the state are rail cars, private couriers, and cargo ships. The rural areas around central and southern Indiana recorded an increase in the number of illegal methamphetamine labs. Many drug crimes such as vandalism, assault, burglary, and homicide have been attributed to increasing methamphetamine use.
Law enforcement agencies report that nearly 74% of people arrested in Indiana test positive for illegal drugs. This is above the national average, which stands at 67%. Some of the most commonly abused illicit substances in Indiana include:
Marijuana is reported as the most commonly abused drug in the state, followed by heroin. However, the effects of heroin remain at all times dangerous.
Marijuana and illicit substances: According to the DEA, abuse of marijuana by users above the ages of 18 was recorded at 10%, which was proportional to the national average that came at 10%.
Alcohol: Alcohol consumption, especially binge drinking rates in Indiana, has maintained a steady decline in recent years. Latest statistics place consumption rates at 25.35% compared to the national average of 26.54%.
Cocaine: The rates of cocaine use in Indiana have been significantly low. According to a recent study, the cocaine consumption rate was 1.4% against the national average of 1.97% and the regional rate of 1.61%.
Opioids: Prescription painkillers opioids such as OxyContin and Vicodin are a significant threat in Indiana. Misuse of drugs is rampant all over the state. The rate of use among Hoosiers is 4.96% against the national average of 4/54%.
Heroin: Of all the illicit substances abused in Indiana, heroin, and opioids top the list with a higher rate above the national average. Adult heroin users made a 0.47% rate against the national average of 0.36%
Deaths related to drug overdose in Indiana have been on the increase. According to the Indiana State Department of Health's Drug Overdose Prevention, the Hoosiers state has lost more than 15,000 residents to drug overdose since 1999. The state recorded the highest overdose cases in 2017 at a rate of 29.4 per 100,000 people, a 22% increase from 2016. The same year the state also recorded a higher rate of drug-related deaths than the national average, which was 21.7% per 100,000 people.
Between 2016-2017, Indiana was one of the top three states with the highest drug overdose deaths all over the United States. The other two states were New Jersey, which had 29%, followed by Nebraska at 26%. In 2017 the state recorded more than 18,000 deaths related to drug overdose, translating into an average of 5 deaths per day.
Of these deaths, opioids related overdose deaths accounted for 63% of the total casualties while overdosing from other substances stood at 37%. Several factors have contributed to the uptick in deaths related to opioids overdose at both state and federal levels. The first is the increased prescription of opioids, which started in 1999, leading to the first wave of the drug pandemic. The mid-2000 saw a rise in the second wave where users who could not access legal prescriptions resorted to heroin as a cheaper substitute.
By 2014 an increase in synthetic opioids involved in overdose deaths rose at an alarming rate in Indiana. This upsurge was attributed to the illegally manufactured methamphetamine fentanyl (IMF), which also proved to be more potent and affordable than heroin. As of 2017 has evolved and comes laced with cocaine, heroin, and substandard prescription pills, which exposes many users to potential danger.
Indiana's controlled substance laws prohibit the possession and use of a controlled substance except for special cases where a person can obtain a legal prescription medicine. Violating these state laws comes with a felony charge, which may differ in terms of severity depending on the circumstances.
For example, possessing or using a controlled substance within or near 1000 feet of a school or private residential property carries severe penalties. Indiana's anti-drug laws as stipulated in section 35-48 and 35-42 of the Indiana penal code outlines the penalties for illegal possession of none prescription drugs.
Possession: Possession of marijuana and similar controlled drugs is classified as a class B misdemeanor and comes with a prison sentence of up to 6 months and a $1000 fine for first offenders. Repeat offenders caught with 30 grams of any substance can be charged with Class A misdemeanor, which attracts a 12-month prison sentence and a fine of up to $5,000. Previous drug convicts caught up to 30 grands can be charged with a level 6 felony that carries 30 months in prison and a possible $10,000 fine.
Paraphernalia: Under Indiana state laws, it is illegal to possess drug paraphernalia with the intent to use or sell them. This crime is punishable either as a class A misdemeanor or class D felony.
First-time offenders in possession of salvia hash oil synthetic CBD or hashish can be charged with a class A misdemeanor, which attracts a probation sentence. Violation of the probation terms comes with additional charges and a conviction.
Possession, sale, and consumption of the controlled substance in Indiana are punishable through different types of penalties. These penalties are categorized into other classes, namely, A, B, C, and D. The most severe crimes are listed in category A felony. In contrast, misdemeanor charges are listed in three classes named A, B, and C. Misdemeanor possession crimes are listed in class A.
Class A felony: Comes with a 20-50-year jail sentence, 30-year advisory sentence, and a possible fine of $10,000.
Class B felony: Comes with a jail sentence of between 6-20 years, an advisory sentence of 10 years, and a $10,000 fine.
Class C felony: Attracts 2-8: years in a penitentiary and a fine of $10,000. The advisory sentence for this crime is four years.
Class D felony: Is punishable by a prison sentence of 180 days to 30 months, a 17-month advisory sentence, and a fine of $10,000. First-time offenders can be entered into a class A misdemeanor charge for a possible reduction in the costs.
Indiana Drug Court was launched in 1997 to reduce drug-related crimes and safeguards the communities from the effects of drug abuse. Through combined efforts of the Drug Court Judge, Attorney General, Drug Court Coordinator, Public Defender, and treatment providers, Indiana's Drug Court program has successfully helped many drug users overcome addiction and lead sober lives. Part of the court's sentencing program includes assisting participants agree to:
According to the national statistics on Treatment versus incarceration, 85% of former drug convicts are likely to offend again within 12 months of the first offense. Another 95% are more likely to suffer a relapse within 36 months after completing an addiction treatment program. However, the same statistics indicate that 75% of the former Drug Court graduates do not re-offend or relapse.
There are several drug addiction treatment providers available in Indiana, which offers different treatment programs. These programs include:
Detox programs are provided to treat and manage withdrawal symptoms before patients begin a full recovery process. This program can take a few days or weeks, depending on the severity of the addiction and the patient's response to treatment.
Once the patient is able to overcome physical dependence on drugs through detoxification, they will undergo psychological and emotional treatment to assess contributory factors of the addiction. A residential program is necessary to enhance the recovery process as it helps mitigate environmental factors that trigger addiction.
This treatment option assists patients who cannot reside at the treatment center due to one reason or the other. However, therapies and treatments offered to outpatients are no different from those under the residential programs. Duration of treatment for both inpatients and outpatients can take months, even a year or more, depending on the individual's response to treatment.
Addiction therapy treatments offered in most treatment centers are:
Indiana offers an array of comprehensive recovery programs. These programs range from inpatient, residential treatment, outpatient treatment services, substance misuse and abuse therapy, and medication-assisted treatment. Together, these programs work to provide the patient with the most significant potential for successful, long-term sobriety.
While Indiana may offer a wide range of treatment services, they may not have a treatment provider that fits you or your loved one's individualized needs. Seeking out-of-state treatment is becoming increasingly popular as more people opt for specialized treatment to suit their needs. Going to rehab in another state can help a person avoid potentially toxic people and places while allowing them to focus on building a healthy life. Receiving the right care for you is the most critical factor to consider when choosing an addiction treatment center. While the perfect provider may not be local, this is your opportunity to create a life beyond your wildest dreams.
The first step in recovering from drug or alcohol addiction is seeking treatment. Contact Addiction Helpline America today at (844) 377-8070 to learn more about the treatment options available for you.
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There are a range of websites providing easily accessible information about substance use disorders.
Has free resources and publications, including pamphlets for families where addiction is present, information on family therapy, and what is involved in substance use disorder treatment and a treatment finder tool.
Has provided helpful, easy-to-read drug facts. The National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism also contains information about alcohol and alcohol use disorder.
This crisis hotline can help with a lot of issues, not just suicide. For example, anyone who feels sad, hopeless, or suicidal; family and friends who are concerned about a loved one; victims of bullying; or anyone who is interested in mental health treatment referrals can call 1-800-273-TALK (8255). Callers are connected with a professional who will talk with them about what they’re feeling or concerns for other family and friends.
The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) developed this website. Teens can get facts about drugs and drug effects, read advice from fellow teens, watch educational videos, download cool anti-drug stuff, and try their hand at brain games.
Alcoholics Anonymous is a fellowship of men and women who share their experience, strength, and hope with each other that they may solve their common problem and help other recover from alcoholism. The only requirement for membership is a desire to stop drinking. There are no dues or fees, and AA is not allied with any sect, denomination, politics, organization, or institution.
Narcotics Anonymous is a 12-step fellowship of recovering addicts. Membership is open to all drug addicts, regardless of the particular drug or combination of drugs used. Meetings are free.
Al-Anon is a free, nonprofit organization that supports and provides literature to family members and friends of alcoholics.
Nar-Anon is a 12-step program designed to help relatives and friends of addicts recover from the effects of living with an addicted relative or friend.
At Families Against Narcotics, we believe that compassion > stigma, and we assist individuals and families affected by substance use disorder with the respect, empathy, and compassion they deserve.