Kratom: A Potentially Lethal Medicinal Herb

By Addiction Helpline America
March 23, 2020

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Kratom: A Potentially Lethal Medicinal Herb

By Addiction Helpline America
March 23, 2020

Kratom: A Potentially Lethal Medicinal Herb

There’s been a lot of hype surrounding a popular substance called Kratom over the past couple of years. And if you happen to be trying to kick an opioid habit, you may have also heard that Kratom will help you through withdrawals as well. Readily available over the internet, many individuals claim to have experienced Kratom’s benefits, however, there are no FDA-approved uses for it. If you’re planning to give Kratom a try for opioid withdrawal symptoms or anything else, you may want to think twice. Just do your homework first.

What Is Kratom?

Kratom is a tropical tree that grows naturally in various parts of Southeast Asia. While researchers date its use back to 1836 in parts of the far east, it's only become popular more recently in other parts of the world. The scientific name for the Kratom plant is Mitragyna Speciosa, and it’s leaves contain psychoactive components that have psychotropic effects.

The two primary psychoactive compounds in the leaves are mitragynine 7-a-hydroxymitragynine which interact with opioid receptors in the brain. This produces feelings of sedation, pleasure, and decreased pain, much like heroin and other opiates. Kratom also interacts with receptors in the brain to produce stimulant-like effects. While its side-effects can be mild, they can quickly become dangerous when the substance is consumed in large amounts.

Possible side-effects of Kratom include:

  • Itching
  • Nausea
  • Sweating
  • Dry mouth
  • Loss of appetite
  • Increased urination
  • Dry mouth
  • Seizures
  • Hallucinations
  • Cardiac arrest (extreme cases)

Worth noting is that the Center for Disease Control (CDC) reported 91 Kratom overdose-related deaths in 2019. Bear in mind that all but seven of these casualties had other drugs in their system, however, these stats shouldn’t be ignored. Kratom had also only recently cropped up onto the scene at the time of the report, so we may see more Kratom-related deaths down the track. Time will tell, and remember that cases like these can easily go unreported as well.

Is Kratom Legal?

Kratom is currently considered a controlled substance in six states. Kratom is illegal to sell, possess, use, or grow in the following states:

  • Alabama
  • Arkansas
  • Indiana
  • Rhode Island
  • Vermont
  • Wisconsin

In some states, Kratom's legality varies within different cities and counties. Some states have imposed a legal age limit. Those include:

  • Illinois - Kratom is legal for use, except in the city of Jerseyville.
  • New Hampshire - Kratom is legal to use for anyone over the age of 18.
  • California - Kratom is legal for use but banned in San Diego.
  • Florida - Kratom is legal for use but banned in Sarasota County.
  • Mississippi - Kratom is legal for use but banned in Union County.
  • Colorado - Kratom is legal for use in Colorado but illegal for human consumption in Denver.
  • Tennessee - A ban on Kratom was lifted in 2017 and is legal to use if you are 21 or older.

It is legal to consume, grow, and possess, and sell Kratom in the following states:

  • Alaska, Arizona, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia and Wyoming.

Is Kratom addictive?

Kratom is known to cause dependence and withdrawals in many of its users, particularly those who’ve used it for an extended period of time. While there are no concrete reports backed by science or the medical community that it’s addictive, the dependency and withdrawals closely mimic those of opioids. There’s a strong likelihood that Kratom is highly addictive, but because it’s so grossly under-researched, it often slips through the cracks.

Kratom is frighteningly easy to obtain online as well, and its legality is questionable so it’s often used and abused. In small amounts, users report increased energy, sociability and alertness, but in large doses, it can lead to things like psychosis. Some people view Kratom as dangerous and addictive without any medical benefits and severe side effects including overdose and, in extreme cases, death. Others consider it to be an accessible means of treating chronic pain and opiate withdrawal.

If you’re an addict who’s looking into Kratom for opiate withdrawal, it’s important to consider the fact that this substance already acts a lot like heroin and other opiates. So you could simply be swapping one addiction for another while facing subsequent withdrawals down the track. Also worth noting is that Kratom is highly unregulated and there’s minimal quality control that goes into its sale and its production. This makes it very challenging to determine whether the Kratom you’ve purchased is safe. Some users end up requiring treatment for Kratom withdrawal when they really had no idea what they were getting themselves into in the first place.

Kratom currently sits on the United States Drug Enforcement Administration’s (DEA’s) Drugs and Chemicals of Concern list, but it’s not yet labeled a controlled substance. This list includes substances that, while not controlled by the Controlled Substances Act, can still pose risks to people when abused. In fact, the DEA is currently threatening to make Kratom a level one controlled substance, thus placing it in the same category as heroin or ecstasy. Furthermore, it doesn’t show up on drug screens since it’s not technically a controlled substance. Considering its opioid-like properties, this is arguably not good for the current opioid epidemic.

Educate Yourself

In short, there’s not enough research out there on Kratom to be able to claim with full conviction that it’s dangerous and addictive, but the FDA has received concerning reports about its safety. People need to be educated on the potential dangers of the substance so that they’re less vulnerable to false or misleading claims about its benefits. And when it comes to tapering off opioids, synthetic or otherwise, a good old-fashioned detox is always going to be the safest. Of course, it’s not advised for any addict to kick opiates cold turkey, but there are many reputable detox centers and rehabs across the country that can support you through the process.

Addiction Helpline America Can Help With Kratom Addiction

If you or someone you love is struggling with addiction, Addiction Helpline America has all of the resources you need to find a quality rehab or detox center in your area. Also, make sure to check out the latest recovery news. Remember, you and those you care about never have to do this alone.

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